Army Regulation 25-52

21 February 2014

Effective date: 21 March 2014

UNCLASSIFIED

Information Management: Records Management

Authorized Abbreviations, Brevity Codes, and Acronyms



SUMMARY

AR 25-52
Authorized Abbreviations, Brevity Codes, and Acronyms

This administrative revision, dated 21 February 2014

* Updates the official Authorized Abbreviations, Brevity Codes, and Acronyms Web site (througout).

* Makes administrative changes (throughout).



Chapter 1
Overview

1-1. Purpose

This regulation

a. Authorizes standardized abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms (ABCAs) to be used throughout the Department of the Army.

b. Prescribes procedures for the use of abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms within the Department of the Army.

c. Governs the use of abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms in correspondence with other branches of Department of Defense (DOD) and Armies of the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia.

d. Lists national distinguishing letters reserved for identifying North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Armed Forces.

1-2. References

Required and related publications and prescribed and referenced forms are listed in appendix A .

1-3. Explanation of terms

Abbreviations and terms used in this regulation and explained in the glossary .

1-4. Responsibilities

a. The Deputy Chief of Staff, G-1 will develop and direct policy for the standardization and dissemination of ABCAs to be used throughout the Department of the Army.

b. Heads of Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) agencies and commanders of major Army commands, installations, activities, and units will submit recommended changes, corrections, additions, and deletions to this regulation via the electronic version or complete DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publication and Blank Forms) to Records Management and Declassification Agency, Casey Building, 7701 Telegraph Rd., Alexandria, VA 22315-3860. Required documentation will include

(1) A reference as to where and how the term is used.

(2) An explanation of the term if it is not defined in this regulation.

(3) The extent of usage within the Department of the Army.

(4) Justification.

c. Records Management and Declassification Agency (RMDA), will

(1) Establish and maintain the electronic version of authorized abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms located at https://www.rmda.army.mil/abbreviation/mainpage.asp .

(2) Update the ABCA database and make approved adjustments monthly.

(3) Publicize the availability of this regulation when it becomes available online and periodically thereafter.

(4) Review and approve/disapprove recommendations for additions, deletions, and changes to this regulation.

(5) Review new or changed official Army publications that have Army-wide application to ensure they comply with the policy in this regulation.

d. Commanders at all levels will actively support the effective and efficient use of the Army's authorized abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms by making known the availability of this regulation and its contents.

1-5. Policy

a. Abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms in this regulation should be used when preparing military records, publications, correspondence, messages, operation plans, orders, and reports within DA, except as qualified below.

b. Abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms that conflict with this regulation in official correspondence or Army publications should not be used.

c. Abbreviations, brevity codes, or acronyms, or military jargon in written communications to individuals outside of the DOD should not be used.

d. Abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms used in correspondence with DOD and Armies of the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia will be spelled out the first time they are used followed by the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses. This rule does not apply to:

(1) Customary or assigned short titles of official publications.

(2) Abbreviations for points of the compass.

(3) Model designations and symbols assigned to aircraft, missiles, vessels, or vehicles.

(4) Abbreviations for title, rank, and grades.

(5) Standard abbreviations for geographical locations.

(6) Standard dictionary abbreviations.

(7) Abbreviations for types of weather phenomena used by aerologists and meteorologists.

(8) Flight plan abbreviations set by the Federal Aviation Administration or the International Civil Aviation Organization.

(9) Abbreviations used by specialists and technicians when communicating with colleagues only.

e. Under the terms of Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2066, abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms are not normally used in military correspondence between Allied Forces. If abbreviations are used, the word or words abbreviated are to be written in full on the first appearance, followed by the appropriate abbreviation in parentheses. Abbreviations standing for combinations of words are written in uppercase letters without spaces or punctuation (for example, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)). Abbreviations of commonly used international metric terms may be used in Army written correspondence.

f. As governed by Quadripartite Standardization Agreement (QSTAG) 163, the following abbreviations may be used in military communications among United States, United Kingdom, Canadian, and Australian Armies

(1) Those printed in chapter 2 .

(2) Those common to technical areas and used among similar offices.

g. The short form for abbreviating the grade of rank titles of colonel and below may be used when abbreviation is desired for official correspondence, literature, personal correspondence, automatic data processing (ADP) applications, and other areas where space is limited. The full grade of rank title will be used when corresponding with the general public and non-DOD agencies. The full general officer title will be used on official correspondence. The short form of abbreviating general officer grade of rank (GEN, LTG, MG, BG) may be used on informal correspondence and personal correspondence as desired. Short form abbreviations for military grade of rank are located at https://www.rmda.army.mil/abbreviation/mainpage.asp .

h. Abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms not contained in this regulation or the official RMDA database may be used within DA under the following conditions:

(1) When needed to meet electronic financial management requirements.

(2) In correspondence between offices and activities in the same scientific, technical field, or functional program where specialized abbreviations are developed.

(3) To process supply requisitions as prescribed in DA directives.

(4) When commonly used and listed in standard dictionaries and when they are not in conflict with this regulation.

1-6. Developing and using abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms

To ensure uniform treatment in forming and using abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms, follow guidance below.

a. Length.

(1) Words or phrases containing less than seven letters should be avoided.

(2) The length of an abbreviation, brevity code, or acronym should be limited to avoid clumsiness and confusion.

(3) The term for which the ABCA has been developed must appear subsequently in the document (that is, if the term only appears once do not indicate a shortened form).

b. Existing words, abbreviations, and brevity codes.

(1) Brevity codes or acronyms that form existing words should be avoided.

(2) Brevity codes and acronyms identical with those authorized for other terms and phrases should be avoided. Identical terms/phrases will not be authorized unless the meanings are so different in context that there is no possibility of confusion.

c. Derivation. Nouns will be listed in the singular form and verbs in the present tense. Form plurals of brevity codes and acronyms by adding a lower case "s" (for example, major Army commands (MACOMs).

d. Combinations. Authorized abbreviations may be combined if

(1) The resulting abbreviation or brevity code has not already been assigned a different meaning.

(2) The entire phrase or sentence has not been assigned a different abbreviation or brevity code (for example, AG is the authorized acronym for Adjutant General). (Abbreviations and brevity codes designated for groups of words must not be separated and used singularly. For example, the "A" in "AG" stands for "adjutant" in " Adjutant General," but if the word "adjutant" is abbreviated, "adj" must be used.)

e. Periods. A period will be used after an abbreviation, brevity code, or acronym only when it ends a sentence, or if the absence of a period would cause confusion, or when prescribed by the United States Government Printing Office Style Manual. For example, United States is abbreviated U.S. when part of a title that has other words spelled out, such as in U.S. Code or U.S. Army Reserve Center. When used as part of a brevity code such as USC (United States Code) or an acronym such as USARC (United States Army Reserve Center), the periods are omitted.

f. Capitalization. In general, abbreviated words should follow the capitalization of the word or words abbreviated; acronyms and brevity codes are normally in capital letters.

g. Scope. Abbreviations and brevity codes recommended for inclusion in this regulation will

(1) Have Army-wide application.

(2) Not be unique to a single branch, department, or technical activity.

h. Abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms.

(1) Abbreviations normally will not be used in the text of written communications. They may be used in tables and figures and must be explained in a note or legend accompanying the table or figure. Abbreviated words should follow the capitalization of the word or words abbreviated, except when they are abbreviations for proper nouns that will begin with an upper case letter (for example, evac for evacuation; Eur for Europe).

(2) The meanings of brevity codes and acronyms used in Army written communications will be spelled out the first time that they appear, followed by the brevity code, or acronym in parentheses.

(3) Brevity codes will normally consist entirely of upper case letters (for example, TRADOC). Exceptions to this general rule may be made in the interest of clarity and conciseness. These exceptions will usually involve the use of the ampersand (&), numerals, or prepositions such as of, for, in, and at. Examples follow:

(a) Assistant Secretary of the Army, Financial Management and Comptroller ASA (FM&C).

(b) Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Information Technology C4/IT.

(c) Chief of Staff CofS.

(4) Acronyms will consist entirely of upper case letters comprised of the first letters of a title, or a series of words. Acronyms may or may not include the first letter of prepositions and conjunctions in a series of words. An acronym should be pronounceable as a word (for example, RSOP reconnaissance, selection, and occupation of position; ACTS-Army Criteria Tracking System).

(5) When spelled out in text or in glossaries, the meanings of abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms will follow generally accepted rules for capitalization. The practice of capitalizing all letters, or indiscriminately capitalizing the first letter of each word in a meaning, is not acceptable in Army publications, records, correspondence, messages, plans, orders, and reports. See table 1 for examples of acceptable and unacceptable capitalization of meanings.

1-7. Changes

Additions, deletions, and/or changes to the Army abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms may be listed on a DA Form 2028 and sent to the Records Management and Declassification Agency, AHRC-PDD-RP, Casey Building, Room 102, 7701 Telegraph Road, VA 22060-5603; or, via the Web site application at https://www.rmda.army.mil/abbreviation/mainpage.asp .

Table 1-1. Examples of acceptable and unacceptable capitalization of meanings of abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms
Abbreviation, Brevity Code, or Acronym Acceptable Spelling of Meaning in Text or Glossary Unacceptable Spelling of Meaning in Text or Glossary
abn airborne AIRBORNE or Airborne
CofS (abbreviation is only used in reference to a specific organization; for example CofS, FORSCOM Chief of Staff CHIEF OF STAFF
COMSEC communications security COMMUNICATIONS SECURITY or Communications Security
TAA total Army analysis TOTAL army analysis OR Total Army Analysis
TOW tube launched, optically tracked, wire-guided TUBE LAUNCHED, OPTICALLY TRACKED, WIRE-GUIDED or Tube-launched, optically Tracked, Wire-guided

Chapter 2
Other Abbreviations

2-1. National distinguishing letters for use by North Atlantic Treaty Organization Armed Forces

a. Under the terms of STANAG 1059, the following national distinguishing letters will be used when it is necessary to use abbreviations in staff work and communications, including publications, documents, orders, or other media to identify a North Atlantic Treaty Organization nation, or any part of NATO forces.

(1) Belgium - BE.

(2) Czech Republic - CZ.

(3) Canada - CA.

(4) Denmark - DA.

(5) France - FR.

(6) Germany - GE.

(7) Greece - GR.

(8) Hungary - HU.

(9) Iceland - IC.

(10) Italy - IT.

(11) Luxembourg - LU.

(12) Netherlands - NL.

(13) Norway - NO.

(14) Poland - PL.

(15) Portugal - PO.

(16) Spain - SP.

(17) Turkey - TU.

(18) United Kingdom - UK.

(19) United States - US.

b. The distinguishing letters listed above are to be used to denote the countries concerned in all documents or papers, irrespective of whether they are in English or French.

c. Whenever the NATO nations are listed in any paper or document, they are to be listed in the order shown above in English and French.

d. When used to identify a national force or component of a national force, the distinguishing letters are to be bracketed immediately following the force, formation, or unit number. Examples: 12(US) Army Group, 5(FR) Armored Division, 6(NL) Infantry Brigade, 6(IT) Infantry Regiment.

2-2. Quadripartite Standardization Agreement abbreviations

a. The abbreviations contained herein comprise the abbreviations authorized for use between the United States, United Kingdom, Canadian, and Australian armies and listed in QSTAG 163 (Military Abbreviations).

b. The following terms and abbreviations are no longer authorized for use with the Department of the Army:

(1) AA - antiaircraft.

(2) BW - biological warfare.

(3) CW - chemical warfare.

(4) JAAOC - Joint Aircraft Operations Center.

(5) LAA - Light antiaircraft.

(6) LMG - Light machine gun.

(7) MMG - medium machine gun.

c. National distinguishing letters for components of Army Forces smaller than a division are to be used only when it is necessary to avoid confusion.

d. The national distinguishing letters for Canada are not to be used to identify Canadian Army formations that have the word "Canadian" in their official designation.

e. The letters "UK" denote the United Kingdom, or part of a force provided solely from the United Kingdom. The letters "BR" may, however, be used in special cases to denote a force comprising units or elements of more than one country of the British Commonwealth.

Appendix A
References

The Official Army Publications Web Sites.

Publication Section I
Required Publications

This section contains no entries.

Publication Section II
Related Publications

A related publication is additional information. The user does not have to read it to understand the publication.

AR 25-1. Record Communications and the Privacy Communications System

AR 25-30. The Army Publishing Program

AR 25-50. Preparing and Managing Correspondence

AR 34-1. Multinational Force Compatibility

American Society of Mechanical Engineers Y14.38. Abbreviations and Acronyms for Use on Drawings and Related Documents (Available at http://www.asme.org/catalog .)

DA Pam 25-40. Army Publishing: Action Officers Guide

FM 1-02. Operational Terms and Graphics

FM 21-31. Topographic Symbols

MIL-STD-129P. Department of Defense Standard Practice Military Marking For Shipment and Storage (Available at http://assist.daps.dla.mil .)

Joint Publication 1-02. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (Available at http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/doddict/index.html .)

GPO Style Manual. U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual (Available at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/ .)

STANAG 1059. Distinguishing Letters for Geographic Entities for Use in NATO (Available at U.S. Army Delegation, Military Agency for Standardization (NATO), MAS/DEL, PSC 80, Box 500, APO, AE 09724.)

STANAG 2066. NATO Standardization Agreement: Layout For Military Correspondence (Available at U.S. Army Delegation, Military Agency for Standardization (NATO), MAS/DEL, PSC 80, Box 500, APO, AE 09724.)

QSTAG 163. Military Abbreviations (Available at http://www.document-center.com/standards/show/QSTAG-163 .)

Publication Section III
Prescribed Forms

This section contains no entries.

Publication Section IV
Referenced Forms

DA Form 2028. Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms

Glossary

Section I

Abbreviations

ABCA

abbreviations, brevity codes, and acronyms

ADP

automatic data processing

AR

Army regulation

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

DA

Department of the Army

DOD

Department of Defense

FM

field manual

HQDA

Headquarters, Department of the Army

JP

Joint publications

MACOM

major Army command

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

QSTAG

Quadripartite Standardization Agreement

RMDA

Records Management and Declassification Agency

STANAG

Standardization Agreement

TAG

The Adjutant General

U.S.

United States

USC

United States Code

Section II

Terms

Abbreviation

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase. For example, appt - appointment, assgd - assigned, or PA - Pennsylvania.

Acronym

An acronym is a word formed from the initial letters of a name or parts of a series of words. For example, ACTS means Army Criteria Tracking System; ARIMS means Army Records Information Management System; and ASAP means as soon as possible.

Brevity code

A brevity code is the shortened form of a frequently used phrase, sentence, or group of sentences, normally consisting entirely of upper case letters; for example, COMSEC means communications security, REFRAD means release from active duty, and SIGINT means signals intelligence. When originating brevity codes: (1) Use letters that convey the meaning of the language they represent. (2) Do not represent the same word with more than one brevity code. (3) Make the first letter of the brevity code and the first letter of the phrase should be the same.

Section III

Special Terms